What Are Terpenes? Everything You Need To Know
Terpenes are essential oils that are found in cannabis and other natural plants that have tremendous medical benefits.
What are terpenes and why are they important?
Terpenes are essential oils that help to enhance the effects of cannabinoids and contain a vast array of medical benefits.
Terpenes or as some people call them "terps" are aromatic organic compounds found in nature, most notably in cannabis, hemp and plants. Cannabis strains get their smell and effects from the different terpene profiles they have. Plants developed terpenes to ward off predators and also to attract helpful pollinators.
Why Do Terpenes matter?
1) They directly affect the effect you get from taking CBD.
2) They have numerous medical benefits.
3) They give cannabis and vape oil its natural flavor and aroma.
Better Effects With Terpenes
Cannabinoids and terpenes work together to enhance the effects felt by your body's endocannabinoid system. For the longest time, THC was considered the only important chemical in cannabis. Now it is understood that other cannabinoids such as CBD and terpenes can help to increase or decrease the effects of THC and other chemicals that interact with your body's endocannabinoid system. This is why some strains of cannabis give you an uplighting energizing high while others give you a calming and relaxing high.
Medical Benefits of Terpenes
Studies have shown that terpenes can have positive effects for the treatment of pain, inflammation, depression, anxiety and other medical conditions. Just like aromatherapy essential oils, terpenes have a wide variety of benefits. Below is a list of the most popular terpenes found in CBD products and the benefit they can have.
Myrcene is one of the most common terpenes found in cannabis and is most known for its relaxing sedative effects. Many researchers believe that the amount of Myrcene found in a specific plant can indicate whether the strain will have a more sedative indica effect or a more uplifting sativa effect.
Limonene is most commonly found in citrus plants and is what gives them their distinct smell. Limonene is known for its anti-depressant qualities and high energy effects.
Terpinolene is known for its woody and smoky aroma and for being mildly sedative. It is also known for having antioxidant properties and antibacterial qualities.
Beta-Caryophyllene also has a woody and earthy smell and is known for having strong anti-inflammatory properties in addition to gastrointestinal benefits.
Alpha-Pinene is most commonly found in pine needles and is what gives them their distinct pine scent that we all love. It is known as an energetic terpene that can be used to help with a variety of conditions.
Humulene is the terpene that gives beer its hoppy flavor and its most known for its anti-inflammatory properties. Humulene has also been found to act as a hunger suppressant. Although I don't know about you but after drinking a few beers I get more hungry.
Linalool has an aroma most similar to Lavender but is found in over 200 different types of plants. Research has shown it has sedative and even anti-epileptic properties.
Delta-3-Carene is found in a variety of different plants most notably bell peppers, cedar, rosemary, and pine. It has anti-inflammatory properties and can even help with a runny nose. Studies have shown it can also help with arthritis and bone health.
Eucalyptol gets its name from the eucalyptus plant but is also found in a wide variety of other plants. It is known to help with pain and depression and is especially beneficial for people with arthritis pain.
Terpineol has a very distinct lilac odor with hints of lime and is used in a wide variety of perfumes. It has anti-inflammatory properties